# Information about Multiplication | Multiplicand | Multiplier

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We have now learnt multiplication of numbers with 2-digit multiplier. Now, we’ll be taught extra. Tell us some info about multiplication.

When every set of numbers are equal we use multiplication to seek out out the consequence.

The signal of multiplication is ×.

**1. **The results of multiplication known as product

e.g. 2 × 3 = 6 **→** (Product).

In multiplication, the quantity being multiplied known as the multiplicand and the quantity by which it’s being multiplied known as the multiplier.

**Instance: **

The reply of the multiplication known as the product.

**2.** The product of any quantity multiplied by a ‘zero’ is zero.

Multiplying any quantity by 0 will at all times give 0.

**Instance: **3 × 0 = 0 or 6 × 0 = 0

Assume — If every youngster will get ‘zero’ sweets, what number of sweets will 4 youngsters get?

4 instances 0 sweets or 4 × 0 = 0

**3. Multiplying any quantity by 1 will at all times give that quantity itself.**

The product of any quantity multiplied by ‘one’ is the same as

the quantity itself.

**Instance:**

7 × 1 = 7 or 9 × 1 = 9

Assume — If each youngster will get ‘1’ candy, what number of

sweets are wanted for 8 youngsters?

1 youngster → 1 candy

8 youngsters → 8 instances 1 candy

8 × 1 candy = 8 sweets

Product is the same as the quantity itself.

**4.** In a multiplication operation, the product could be equal

to the numbers being multiplied or better than, however by no means the smaller, besides

when one of many quantity is zero.

**Instance: **

**5.** For each multiplication truth there are two division

info.

**Instance:**

Thus, the product divided by the multiplicand equals the

multiplier and the product divided by the multiplier equals the multiplicand.

**6. Product is at all times similar even when the order of the numbers adjustments whereas multiplying.**

In multiplication operation, the change within the order of

the numbers being multiplied doesn’t change the product.

**Instance:**

6 x 3 = 18 is similar as 3 x 6 = 18

9 × 8 = 8 × 9 = 72

12 × 5 = 5 × 12 = 60

**Word:**

The division truth is used for locating the lacking

multiplicand or multiplier.

**Questions and Solutions on Information about Multiplication:**

**1. Fill within the blanks – (One has been executed for you)**

a. 2 × 3 = 3 × **2**

b. 5 × 4 = __ × 5

c. 6 × 2 = __ × 6

d. 7 × 5 = __ × 7

e. 9 × 6 = 6 x __

f. 10 × 4 = 4 × __

**2. Multiply –**

(i) 1 × 7 = ___

(ii) 6 × 2 = ___

(iii) 2 × 5 = ___

(iv) 4 × 9 = ___

(v) 7 × 5 = ___

(vi) 8 × 3 = ___

(vii) 7 × 8 = ___

(viii) 6 × 3 = ___

(ix) 8 × 8 = ___

(x) 3 × 7 = ___

(xi) 9 × 5 = ___

(xii) 8 × 10 = ___

(xiii) 4 × 5 = ___

(xiv) 9 × 10 = ___

(xv) 8 × 3 = ___

(xvi) 2 × 5 = ___

(xvii) 7 ____ |
(xviii) 6 ____ |
(xix) 8 ____ |
(xx) 10 ____ |
(xxi) 5 ____ |

**3. Fill within the blanks-**

(i) 3 × ___ = 18

(ii) ___ × 2 = 18

(iii) 2 × ___ = 14

(iv) ___ × 5 = 45

(v) 7 × 3 = ___

(vi) 4 × ___ = 20

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