This evaluation showcases a radical evaluation of reactions and functions of essentially the most widespread linear and alkylene natural carbonates (DACs), dimethyl-, diethyl-, ethylene-, and propylene-carbonates (DMC, DEC, EC, and PC, respectively), and a consultant enol ester isopropenyl acetate (iPAc), for the chemical functionalisation and upgrading of renewable compounds, together with each bio-based platform molecules and biopolymers. The work, which follows a earlier survey revealed by us in 2018 and restricted to DMC solely, is organised into 5 sections the place the literature screening encompasses the previous 4 years within the case of DMC and a wider timespan of 5–6 years for different homologues/analogues carbonates and iPAc. After a basic introductory part on benign-by-design processes for the conversion of biomass derivatives, an outline of artificial strategies of DACs follows. Many of the evaluation content material is then centered on reactions wherein DACs and iPAc act as alkylating, carboxylating, and acylating brokers, respectively, and processes the place the identical compounds are used as solvents. Matters are grouped ranging from the valorisation of small renewable molecules resembling glycerol, cyclic carbonates, carbonyl derivatives of furfural and HMF, then continuing with bio-monomers, and ending up with the synthesis and functionalisation of biopolymers. The investigated examples have been detailed by offering situations and scope, the proposed response mechanisms when accessible, and a rationale behind the selection of response/course of parameters (T, p, catalyst(s), and so forth.). Criticism and feedback have been put ahead on the professionals and cons of the described strategies and their views, in addition to on these research which nonetheless require follow-ups and extra in-depth analyses.